Born: 1846 Died: 1929 Arkansas
Burial: Nixon Cemetery Place: Charleston, Franklin County, Arkansas
When flipping through the names of guerrillas in Quantrill history, the name "Wilhite" appears a few times. Namely guerrillas, Jefferson and William Wilhite. And, as Civil War records show, there were names that had been mispronounced and misspelled like theirs. So with this biography, we'll help correct at least two guerrillas names.
This is Denicicius "Nin" Wilhoit. Wilh-o-i-t. It seems that, throughout time, the Wilhoit name was spelled several different ways, but Willhite is the name that stuck in Quantrill and border wars history. Nin was born around Lone Jack, Missouri to Gibson and Amanda Wilhoit. Nin's brother, Jefferson, is the one whose name is most familiar in Quantrill history from a fight at the Warder Church in Lafayette County, Missouri on July 10, 1864. Jefferson, along with other fellow guerrillas, John Prock, Alvis Estes, Green Austin and a few others attended church services at the invite of Rev. Joseph Warder. At the conclusion of services and while everyone was gathered outside to visit and say their "so longs", a small detachment of Federal troops closed in on the church and shots were fired in haste. The guerrillas were overwhelmed in numbers and firepower and it cost Jefferson and Alvin their lives. Jefferson would be laid to rest carrying 28 bullet holes in him.
On April 4, 1865, Nin's guerrilla background becomes clearer and it is an unbelieveable story that includes his other brother, William! Baltimore Thomas lived at Thomas Hall, a mansion built in 1857 at Grand Pass, Saline County, Missouri. It was a sprawling 950 acres. Nin, his brother, William and well known Quantrill men, A. J. Harris and Marion Potter, stopped by the Thomas home to get a mouthful to eat. A band of militia caught sight of the guerrilla's horses tied up in nearby woods and they quickly opened up on the home. Nin and the others broke from the home and jumped fences as the Union soldiers unloaded on them. Harris and Potter made it the home of the deceased John Clark where they looked to hide. Women and children, who were refugees of the war, were living in the Clark house and took the two up to the roof of the home and hid them in the garret. As the Union soldiers were combing the area for their enemy, a tornado hit and dismantled the garret from the home and slammed it down within site of the Union patrol. It killed one of the guerrillas and wounded the other fatally. Nin and William managed to escape. Nin had been suspicious that two of Baltimore's slaves must have ratted them out and he swore that, before he ever surrendered, he would find both slaves and kill them!
Revenge would be exacted a few days later. Nin did return to the Thomas home and found two slaves there. They have been recorded in history as "Uncle Ben" and the other was simply "Hardy." Nin killed Ben, but wounded Hardy enough to leave him lame for the rest of his life. The problem with this act was....it has been written that the two slaves that Nin believed to have uncovered their whereabouts in 1865 had actually left with Federal troops the day before. He immediately headed for Lexington, Missouri and surrendered himself to the Union authorities stationed there.
There is a picture of the Baltimore Thomas home, where the above happened, at this website: http://littledixie.net/a_few_examples_of_southern_archi.htm You have to scroll about three quarters of the way down the page.
Gibson Wilhoit (shown as Wilhite) is at number 1867 found on the extreme far left of the 1860 Lone Jack census here: http://www.historiclonejack.org/1860.html
The fuller extent of Nin, Jefferson and the Wilhoit family can be found in the books "The Men Who Rode with Capt. Wm. C. Quantrill & Capt. Wm. T. Anderson, Their Lives, Their Loves, Their Stories" by James A. White and Carolyn M. Bartels and "Guerrilla Warfare in Civil War Missouri, Volume IV, Sept. 1864 - June 1865" by Bruce Nichols. A copy of the White / Bartels book will be in the QSCR collection in the near future.