Born: January 29, 1838 Died: April 3, 1908
Buried: Rogers City Cemetery Place: Rogers, Benton County, Arkansas
Thomas Warren (standing in picture) is, by far, the biggest and most educational find in the Quantrill history of northwest Arkansas! His adventures, as one of Quantrill's partisan rangers, spans the years of 1862 to 1865 and that timeframe includes the raid on Lawrence, Kansas! Plus...we have his picture during the days of the war!! His picture is a monumental find as it gives us a look at the ONLY image of our Quantrill guerrilla with the deepest background!!!
Let's get to that vast background.....
In Missouri Provost Marshal records of 1862, he is named in an affidavit of John Wilson vs. Thomas Payne from June 9th. Thomas, along with other noted partisans, Bill Greenwood and Phil Gatewood, are named as "bushwhackers."
Next, he, along with his brother, James Warren (sitting on right in above picture), rode with Dave Poole, Bill Anderson, John Ross, Archie Clement and around thirty five others as they swept through a German settlement in Freedom Township, Lafayette County, Missouri on July 13, 1863. Four German settlers, former members of the 71st Enrolled Missouri Militia, were killed that day with around six to seven wounded. Plundering and burning of homes took place before they left. There is now a historic marker in Lafayette County at approximately the spot where this raid took place. Poole would hit this settlement one more time in September of 1864. There's a good chance Thomas was in on that one too.
On August 21, 1863, Quantrill and about three hundred and fifty strong of the partisan rangers would write one of the most famous events of the entire Civil War! The raid on Lawrence, Kansas! Spanning from approximately five to nine in the morning, the combined bands of Bill Anderson, George Todd, John T. Holt and Dave Poole laid waste to the town in an effort to find the known Kansas militia and Union men that resided there and to take back the booty of items that were stolen by Jim Lane's Brigade at Osceola, Missouri in September of 1861! The Lawrence raid has always been the lightning rod of Quantrill's criticism, but new and more thoroughly researched history has shown that many of the male citizens of Lawrence were, themselves, lightning rods for this attack by being members of Kansas Union military regiments and units
In September of 1863, Thomas took part in the stopping, boarding and raiding of the Missouri steamboat, Marcella, where the partisans took four men prisoner and commenced to raid the boat. He was mentioned specifically in a Union report after the raid by a member of the crew who knew him and recognized him from Lafayette County, Missouri.
On September 27, 1864, partisan bands led by George Todd, Bill Anderson, Dave Poole, Thomas Todd, Si Gordon and John Thrailkill fought the 39th Missouri Infantry at Centralia, Missouri. Given the evidence that Poole, Todd and Anderson's bands were strongly represented, this most likely places him at the Centralia fight.
Further timeline analysis of Dave Poole's actions in 1864 would point to Thomas also being involved in the Lafayette County, Missouri German settlement raid on October 10, 1864! Poole hit the settlement first before sending for reenforcements from George Todd and his command!
Poole and Todd's combined forces headed towards the Independence, Missouri area where Todd reported to General Sterling Price on October 18, 1864. Here, Thomas would take part in the battles of Independence, Little Blue, Byram's Ford and Westport in Missouri and Marais de Cygnes and Mine Creek in Kansas. After Mine Creek, Poole took his men back into Missouri. In 2005, the Missouri State Parks compiled a list of Confederate soldiers from Price's raid. Tom, and his brother, James both appear on the list as guerrillas.
At the close of the war, Poole led many of his men to Lexington, Missouri in May of 1865 where they surrendered. Thomas was one of those who did and his name is found prominently listed among those on the surrendered list. He surrendered on May 17, 1865.
Some of the most known names that Tom rode with throughout the war, outside of the ones mentioned above, was John McCorkle, Andy Blunt, Kit Dalton, William Gaugh, William Gregg, Tuck & Woot Hill, Morgan Mattox, Joseph Lea, Peyton Long, Otto Offutt, Sim Whitsett, Larkin Skaggs, Fletch Taylor, Harrison Trow, Dick Yeager, John Koger, Hi & Hicks George and first cousins to the Warrens, Ed and William Greenwood.
The finding of this particular Missouri Confederate has given the northwest Arkansas region a huge shot in the Civil War arm as it attaches the Lawrence raid, Centralia and the famous men, named throughout Thomas' guerrilla days, to their own history! His partisan background has much to learn from and we are thrilled to have such a valuable and educational asset to our collection and northwest Arkansas' latest chapter.
Visit the Watkins Museum in Lawrence, Kansas. They could provide answers to research and questions. http://www.watkinsmuseum.org
Visit the Missouri Provost Marshal records site at http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/provost/ or http://www.sos.mo.gov/mdh/CivilWar/ to enter their names and see their records
Copies of Thomas' Missouri Provost Marshal papers are in his navy blue binder in the QSCR collection.